Select Emergent Plants Grown at the
King Conservation District Wetland Plant Cooperative
Scirpus microcarpus – Small Fruited Bulrush
Small fruited bulrush is found in muddy wetlands, swamps and along streams. The stems are triangular and approximately three to six feet tall. The leaves have pointed apices and arise from along the stem. The spikelets are dark green to brown, held in clusters in the shape of an inverted umbrella. The seeds and roots are eaten by waterfowl.
Scirpus acutus – Hardstem Bulrush
Hardstem bulrush is found in marshes, lakes and muddy shores at low elevations. The stems are approximately three and a half to nine feet tall and are round and pithy inside. There are very few leaves that are located at the bottom of the stems. The spikelets are purplish brown and appear terminal. They provide cover for waterfowl and food for small mammals.
Eleocharis ssp. – Spikerush
Spikerush species are found in wet prairies, wooded wetlands and in shallow wet places from sea level to moderate elevations. The stems are round, dark green, solid and approximately one and a half to two feet tall. The leaves are reduced to basal sheathes. One spike emerges from the top of the stem. These species are often found growing with bulrushes.
Carex stipata – Sawbeak Sedge
Sawbeak sedge is found in swamps, streams and wet meadows. It grows to approximately one to three feet tall. The leaves are flat. The inflorescence is made up of a number of clustered spikes. They are often found with other sedges and cattail. The seeds are eaten by waterfowl.
Carex obnupta – Slough Sedge
Slough sedge is found mostly growing as a monotypic stands in muddy wetlands, coastal swamps and along streams. These plants have stems that are purplish and triangular and are approximately three to five feet tall. The inflorescence is pendunculate and drooping. They are often found with cattails and rushes. The seeds provide food for waterfowl, pintails, mallards and grouse.
Carex lyngbyei – Lyngby’s Sedge
Lyngby’s sedge is found in coastal marshes, tidal flats and along stone beaches. The stems are one to four feet tall with flat pointed leaf blades. The inflorescence is pendunculate and drooping. They grow in nearly pure stands and geese are known to eat them during spring migration.
Triglochin martimum– Seaside Arrow-grass
Arrow-grass is found in salt marsh areas, tidal marshes and mudflats. The flower stalk is long and extends above the leaves. The inflorescence has many green flowers on it. It is often associated with saltgrass, pickleweed and silverweed. Waterfowl are known to feed on this plant.
Scirpus maritimus – Maritime bulrush
This plant can be found in low elevation marshes and wet meadows. The stems are four feet tall with a cluster of many spikelets that are supported by three bracts protruding from the side of the stem. Maritime bulrush is three to five feet tall.
Scirpus americanus – American Three-square Bulrush
American three-square bulrush inhabits salt marshes and wet meadows. They have a singular, triangular stem that is four feet tall. Their leaves are flat and located near the base of the plant. The spikelets are clustered and appear from the side of the stem. They are associated with Seaside Arrowgrass and Lyngby’s Sedge.